Gender Selection with IVF in Tennessee
What Is Gender Selection?
In all forms of conception, whether through natural means or fertility care, the baby’s sex is determined by the sex chromosomes that they inherit from their biological mother and father. Because women have two X chromosomes, they automatically pass down one X chromosome to their offspring. Men on the other hand have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome, and can pass either type to their offspring. Although there are many factors involved in conception, the process of determining sex appears to be at least somewhat random, and thus difficult to predict.
Gender selection is an advanced in vitro fertilization (IVF) technique that makes it possible for aspiring parents to choose the sex of their baby before conception occurs. This is done using a process known as preimplantation genetic testing (PGT).
Why Use Gender Selection?
Gender selection is often used by families who are concerned about passing on an inheritable condition that is gender-specific. For example, some women are carriers of a genetic disorder known as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, which typically occurs in males. Gender selection can help make it more likely that these families will have a baby girl, who is likely to be unaffected.
Gender selection is also sometimes performed for social reasons, such as the desire to balance a family or have a child of a specific sex.
How Does Gender Selection Work?
Gender selection is performed through PGT, which is commonly used to identify chromosomal abnormalities and genetic disorders, but can also be used to identify an embryo’s sex. Once the embryos have been created and allowed to develop for a few days, trophectoderm cells are extracted from the embryo. Trophectoderm cells are a type of cell that eventually develops into the placenta, which means that the embryonic cells that will eventually develop into the baby are not biopsied. Ultimately, this helps to prevent damage to the embryo.
The embryo is then frozen so that the biopsied cells can be evaluated. Once the embryologist has identified an embryo of the desired sex, the embryo will be thawed and readied for transfer. As for any remaining embryos, families have the option of storing them for future cycles or donating them.
See If Gender Selection Is Right for You
Fertility is personal—your care should be, too. If you’re interested in exploring your options and seeing if gender selection is right for your family-building journey, request a consultation with one of our fertility specialists. Let’s make a baby, together.